ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ НАУКА И ИННОВАЦИОННЫЕ ИДЕИ В МИРЕ http://newjournal.org/index.php/01 <h3>ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ НАУКА И ИННОВАЦИОННЫЕ ИДЕИ В МИРЕ - Международный научный электронный журнал</h3> <p><strong>ISSN (р): </strong>2181-3825<br /><strong>ISSN (е): </strong>2181-3817</p> <p><em>Журнал направлен на публикацию научных, методических, методических и художественных статей и диссертаций, связанных с областями науки.</em></p> en-US ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ НАУКА И ИННОВАЦИОННЫЕ ИДЕИ В МИРЕ 2181-3825 A SCIENTIFIC OVERVIEW OF COMBINATORICS AND PROBABILITY CALCULATION ELEMENTS http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11796 <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong> Combinatorics is a significant part of mathematics that studies the systematic numbering, arrangement, and organization of items. This article gives a thorough review of the fundamentals of combinatorics and its applications in probability calculations. Fundamental topics including permutations, combinations, probability computation, the multiplication principle, and binomial coefficients are thoroughly studied. The purpose of this article is to explain the importance of combinatorial approaches in solving probability and counting issues, with implications for a variety of scientific and mathematical fields.</p> Tilavov Fazliddin Shokir ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 39 41 A SCIENTIFIC OVERVIEW OF COMBINATORICS AND PROBABILITY CALCULATION ELEMENTS http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11800 <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong> Combinatorics is a significant part of mathematics that studies the systematic numbering, arrangement, and organization of items. This article gives a thorough review of the fundamentals of combinatorics and its applications in probability calculations. Fundamental topics including permutations, combinations, probability computation, the multiplication principle, and binomial coefficients are thoroughly studied. The purpose of this article is to explain the importance of combinatorial approaches in solving probability and counting issues, with implications for a variety of scientific and mathematical fields.</p> Tilavov Fazliddin Shokir ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 39 41 ZAHIRIDDIN MUHAMMAD BOBUR http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11801 <p><strong>Anotatsiya:</strong> Ushbu ma’qolada Sohibqliron Zahiriddin Muhammad Bobur yoshligi qanday o’tganligi to’g’risida, qiziqishlari, odamiyligi, sahiyligi to’g’risida va ma’rifatparvar ekanligi va 12 yoshida shoh bolganligi.</p> Tuxtaboyeva Feruza Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 42 43 METHODS THAT ARE IMPORTANT IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO STUDENTS http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11802 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong> In this article,introduce how to learn new languages easily and faster. And also, you can know a lot of new techniques and useful ways to learn extra new languages. All of the ways are beneficial and convinent way to learn languages.</p> Karimova Salima Elamonovna Zokirova Elinura Jasurovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 44 48 JAHONDA KICHIK GIDROENERGETIKA RESURSLARI VA ULARDAN FOYDALANISHNING BUGUNGI KUNDAGI ISTIQBOLLARI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11803 <p><strong>Annotatsiya</strong>: Ushbu maqolada kichik GES ning dunyoda tutgan o’rni rivojlanishi, kichik GESning kamchiligi afzalligi ko’rib chiqilgan. Vaqt o’tib borgan sari, katta va kichik GES larning, rivojlanishini ko’rishimiz mumkin. Markaziy Osiyo mamlakatlarida gidroenergetik resurslarning taqsimlanishi&nbsp; hamda&nbsp; KGESlardan foydalanish darajasi aks ettirilgan. Yaponiya, Norvegiya va Amerika Qo‘shma Shtatlari (AQSH), Hindiston, Xitoy, Ispaniya, Germaniya, Avstriya, Shvetsiya va Shveytsariyada KGESlardan foydalanish darajasi ko`rsatib o`tilgan. Gidroelektr stansiyalarini qurish jarayonida nimalarga e`tibor qaratish kerak ekanligi, ularni afzalliklari va kamchiliklari yoritilgan. O'z navbatida, maqola bu sohadagi eng so'nggi yangiliklar va innovatsiyalar haqidagi axborotlarni taqdim etdi.</p> Karimova Salima Elamonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 49 54 24-MART BUTUNJAHON SILGA QARSHI KURASHISH KUNI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11804 <p>O‘tmishda sil kasalligiga chalingan inson moliyaviy ahvoli va yoshiga qaramay hayotdan ko‘z yumardi. Bugungi kunda bu kassalik o‘tmishdagi kabi qo‘rqinchli emas. Biroq tibbiyot sohasida erishilayotgan yutuqlarga qaramasdan, uni sezmay qolish mumkin, yo‘qotish qiyin, unutishni esa iloji yo‘q. Ushbu maqola 24-mart butun jahon silga qarshi kurashish kuniga bag'ishlangan.</p> Normurodova Munisa Ishmurod qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 55 57 THE ROLE OF LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN OUR MODERN LIFE http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11805 <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>In recent years, English is more and more popular in the world. It attracts people due to the interestingness in its tune and structure. However, beside the tune and the stucture, this language is learned and studied by a higher number of people with every passing day because of its two importances in this modern world: a mean to communicate and to creat a greater opportunity for a job.</p> Zokirova Elinura Jasurovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 58 61 TASVIRIY SAN'AT DARSLARINI SAMARADORLIGINI OSHIRISHDA INTERFAOL USULLARNI QO'LLASH http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11806 <p><strong>Annotatsiya</strong>: Ushbu maqola tasviriy san'at darslarini samaradorligini oshirishda interfaol usullarni qo'llash va ularni dars jarayoniga hamda talabalarni bilim olishi uchun ta'siri haqida ma'lumotlar berilgan.</p> Sherov Dilshod Reyimberganovich Jumaniyazova Dinara G`ayrat qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 62 63 СПЕЦИФИЧЕСКИЕ КЛИНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ ЛЕЙШМАНИОЗА http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11807 <p><strong>Аннотация.</strong> Статья посвящена этиологии, патогенезу, клиническим проявлениям, диагностике и лечению кожного лейшманиоза. Причиной кожного лейшманиоза Старого Света является L. major или L. tropica, реже L. infantum, L. aethiopica. В районе Средиземного и Каспийского морей причиной кожного лейшманиоза являются L infantum и L chagasi. Кожный лейшманиоз Нового Света вызывается L. mexicana, L. (L) amazonenesis, L. braziliensis, L. (V) panamensis, L. (V) peruviana, и L. (V). Guyanensis. Кожный лейшманиоз может проявляться локализованной, хронической рецидивирующей, диффузной и острой формами. Для диагностики применяются: дерматоскопия, микроскопия биопсийного материала, мазков - отпечатков, кожных соскобов; посев на NNN среду (Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle media), ПЦР, серологическая диагностика. Характерны 4 типа гистологических проявлений инфекции: I - обильные амасти-готы, II - макрофаги, полиморфнонуклеарные нейтрофилы, плазматические клетки, некроз, III - ранняя гранулема с очаговым скоплением эпителиодных клеток, лимфоциты и незначительное число плазматических клеток, IV - хорошо сформированная эпителиоидная гранулема в дерме с гигантскими клетками Лан-герганса, лимфоцитами и эпителиоидными клетками.&nbsp;</p> Латипов Ихтиёр Икромович Рахимов Отабек Худжамбердиевич Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 64 68 ОЦЕНКА ПАССИВНОГО БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ ТРАНСПОРТНОГО СРЕДСТВА http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11808 <p><strong>Аннотация:</strong> В данном статье описаны основные предназначение и элементы пассивного безопаности, а также наиболее известный дополнение к этим устройствам, рассмотрена совокупность конструктивных и эксплуатационных свойств автомобиля направленных на снижение тяжести дорожно-транспортного происшествия. &nbsp;</p> Холхужаев Элмурод Мухтарович Махкамов Фуркат Марат угли Хазратов Даврон Низом угли Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 69 76 ТАРҚОҚ СКЛЕРОЗДА НЕЙРОСПЕЦИФИК S-100 ОКСИЛИ ВА ЛИПОПРОТЕИДЛАРНИНГ ЎЗАРО АЛОҚАДОРЛИГИНИ АНИҚЛАШ http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11809 <p><strong>Аннотация.</strong> Тадқиқотда, тарқоқ склерозда зичлиги паст липопротеидлар кўрсаткичларини ва қон зардобида ИФА усули ёрдамида S-100 оқсил миқдорини аниқлаш таҳлилининг жорий қилиниши, махсус ишлаб чиқилган мезонлар асосида қиёсий ташхислашни амалга ошириш, шунингдек касалликни прогноз қилиш, дифференциал-даволаш ва профилактик чора-тадбирларни такомиллаштириш билан изоҳланади.</p> Якубова Мархамат Миракрамовна Рўзумова Нилуфар Икром қизи Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 77 81 ЭВОЛЮЦИЯ ИСЛАМСКИХ ГЕОМЕТРИЧЕСКИХ УЗОРОВ http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11810 <p><strong>Аннотация.</strong> В этом исследовании ИГУ исследуются с исторической и региональной точки зрения, чтобы пролить свет на вопросы, связанные с их пригодностью и надлежащим использованием в качестве декоративных элементов для зданий.&nbsp;Это исследование хронологически и регионально проследило эволюцию исламских геометрических узоров.&nbsp;Результаты показывают, как региональное влияние и преобладающий образ жизни во времена правящих династий определяли разнообразие исламских орнаментов и геометрических узоров.&nbsp;Это исследование также проиллюстрировало научный прогресс и расширение знаний в истории исламской архитектуры.&nbsp;Эти разработки начались с простых геометрических фигур, построенных из круга и набора касательных кругов того же радиус, как это было в Великой мечети Кайруана в начале 9 века.&nbsp;К концу 9 века в мечети Ибн-Тулуна были введены сетки кругов.&nbsp;Сетки использовались как конструктивная основа для простейших правильных и полуправильных замощений равносторонними треугольниками, квадратами, шестиугольниками и восьмиугольниками.</p> Эшназарова Солиха Зайниддиновна Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 82 92 DVIGATELLSRDAN CHIQAYOTGAN ZARARLI MODDALARNI KAMAYTIRISH CHORA TADBIRLAR http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11811 <p>Avtotransport vositalarining chiqindi gazlari havosining ifloslanishini kamaytirish va transport vositalarining chiqindi gazlaridagi zaharli moddalarning ruxsat etilgan maksimal kontsentratsiyasini tartibga solish bo‘yicha ishlar o‘rganish. Uglerod oksidi chiqindi gazlar tarkibidagi zaharli moddalarning katta qismini tashkil etganligi va uning zaharli xossalari iqlim va meteorologik sharoitga qarab o‘zgarmasligi bilan izohlanadi.</p> A.I.Sultanov Olimov Abduxoliq Qodir o‘g‘li Saidov Boburmirzo Abdulla o‘g‘li Nortojiyev Shag‘zod Sherali o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 93 98 QURILISH MAHSULITLARINI ISHLAB CHIQARISH SANOAT VA ULARNI TASHISHDA AVTOMOBILLARNI OʻRNI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11812 <p>Ushbu maqolada bugungi kunda mamlakatimizda qurilish sanoatida amalga oshiriladigan ishla va yutuqlar, qurilish sanoatini oʻsib borishi, ajiratiladigan mablagʻlar hamda qurilish mahsulitlarini yekazib berish bilan bogliq muammolarni amalga oshiriladigan to‘g‘risida keltirib o‘tilgan.</p> Qosimov Baxtiyor Axmatjonovich Sodiqov Yusuf Mamasodiqovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 99 102 AVTOMOBILLARGA TELEMATIK TIZIMNI JORIY ETISH http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11813 <p>Ushbu sharhda davlat va shahar huquqni muhofaza qilish organlari, shuningdek xususiy xavfsizlik tuzilmalari amaliyotida yuzaga keladigan muammolarni hal qilishda mobil ob'ektlarni aniqlash uchun texnik vositalarning tizimlari va komplekslari ko'rib chiqiladi. Joyni aniqlash tizimlarining tasnifi berilgan va dunyodagi turli xil tizim sinflarining rivojlanish holati. Avtomobillarga telematik tizimni joriy etish, uning elementlari o‘rtasida aqlli axborot almashinuvini tashkil etish va muammolarni hal qilish usuli taklif qilingan.</p> K.Q. Yoʻldoshov Q. O‘rzamatov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 104 108 FINANCIAL CONTROL IN THE DIGITAL MARKET ECONOMY http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11814 <p><em>&nbsp;</em><strong>Abstract: </strong>This article examines the role of financial control in a digital market economy. With the development of technology and digitalization of business processes, issues of financial control become more complex and require new approaches. The article analyzes the main aspects of the digital economy, identifies the features of financial control in this context and offers strategies and tools for effective financial management in the context of digital transformation.</p> Turayev Alijon Akmal o‘g‘li Narzullayev Bexruz Hakim o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 109 113 ELEKTRON TA’LIM O‘QUV DASTURLARINI YARATISHDA HAMDA MASOFALI O‘QITISHDA WEB TEXNOLOGIYALARDAN FOYDALANISH http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11815 <p><strong>Annotatsiya:</strong> Ushbu maqolada elektron taʼlimning oʻquv – metodik taʼminotini yaratishda veb – texnologiyalardan foydalanish masalalari yoritilgan boʻlib, ularda fan tomonidan yaratilgan elektron darsliklar, oʻquv qoʻllanmalar, metodik koʻrsatmalar elektron axborot taʼlim resurslariga kiritilgan multimedia vositalari, ma’lumotnomalar va lug‘atlar, gipermatnlar, elektron test va topshiriqlar hamda o‘quvchining mustaqil bilim olishini ta’minlaydigan va bilim olishga qiziqish uyg‘otadigan shu kabi manbalar ko‘rib chiqiladi.</p> Yusupov Azizbek Xolmuxamatovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 114 121 PEDAGOGIKADA TARBIYA TIZIMI TAKOMILLASHTIRISH http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11816 <p><strong>Аnnotasiya: </strong>Ushbu maqolada pedagogikada tarbiya tizimi takomillashtirish va ta’limda didaktik tizimi ta’lim maqsadlari, o‘qish mazmuni, uni tashkil etishning metod va shakllari yoritilgan.</p> Ravshanov Xusan Abduqul o‘g’li Yusupov Azizbek Xolmuxamatovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 122 126 DARS SAMARADORLIGINI OSHIRISHDA AXBOROT TEXNOLOGIYALARINING AHAMIYATI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11817 <p><strong>Annotatsiya:</strong> Ushbu maqolada ta’lim jarayonida axborot texnologiyalari va pedagogik texnologiyalardan foydalanib, dars samaradorligini oshirish yo‘llari haqida to‘xtalib o‘tdik</p> Yusupov Azizbek Xolmuxamatovich Ravshanov Xusan Abduqul o‘g’li Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 127 130 FROM OWNERSHIP TO OBLIGATION: THE ROLE OF PROPERTY TAX FOR INDIVIDUALS http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11818 <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>&nbsp;This article explores the multifaceted role of property tax in the lives of individual taxpayers. From its inception as a means of funding local government services to its implications for property ownership and wealth distribution, property tax represents a fundamental aspect of the modern tax landscape. Drawing on theoretical frameworks and empirical evidence, this study examines the various factors influencing property tax liability for individuals, including property value, assessment methods, and jurisdictional differences. Furthermore, the article analyzes the economic, social, and policy implications of property taxation, shedding light on its impact on individual homeowners, investors, and communities. By unpacking the complexities of property tax from an individual perspective, this research contributes to a deeper understanding of the obligations and challenges associated with property ownership in contemporary society.</p> Turayev Alijon Akmal o‘g‘li Aqbutayeva Guljahon Nosirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 131 134 FROM OWNERSHIP TO OBLIGATION: "THE ROLE OF VALUE ADDED TAX IN PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS" http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11819 <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>This paper explores the role of Value Added Tax (VAT) in promoting sustainable development goals across a diverse set of countries. Using panel data analysis, we examine the relationship between VAT revenue, public expenditure allocation, and key indicators of sustainable development, including poverty reduction, education, and healthcare outcomes. Our results suggest that VAT can serve as an important revenue source for financing social programs and achieving sustainable development objectives, but careful policy design and implementation are essential to ensure equitable outcomes.</p> Turayev Alijon Akmal o‘g‘li Aqbutayeva Guljahon Nosirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 135 138 BOSHLANG'ICH TA'LIM JARAYONIDA INDIVIDUAL TA'LIMNING O'ZIGA XOS XUSUSIYATLARI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11820 <p><strong>Annotatsiya:</strong> Quyidagi maqolada Boshlang’ich ta’limda individuallashtirilgan o’qitishning o’quvchilarga qay darajada foydali ekanligi haqida so’z boradi. Hozirgi kunda individual o’qitish juda ham rivolanib bormoqda. Shu boisdan individual o‘qitish texnologiyalari muhim ahamiyat kasb etadi.</p> Abdullayeva Gulasal Urol Qizi Matlibov Jamshidbek Yahyo o’g’li Abdullayeva Gulasal Urol qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 139 143 TA’LIM MAZMUNINI SHAKLLANTIRISH JARAYONINI TASHKIL ETISH MEXANIZIMI (YANGI AVLOD DARSLIKLARI MISOLIDA) http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11821 <p><strong>Annotatsiya:</strong> Mazkur maqolada ta’lim sifatini oshirishda yangi o‘quv darsliklari, ularning samaradorligi va ahamiyati, Milliy dastur va o’qituvchilarning yangi avlod darsliklari bo’yicha oldilariga qo’yilayotgan vazifalar haqida bayon etilgan<strong>.</strong></p> Alimdjanova Aynura Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-27 2024-02-27 40 3 144 149 G’AFUR G`ULOMNING “SHUM BOLA” ASARIDA SHAXS QADRIYATLARI http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11822 <p><strong>Annotatsiya</strong>: Ushbu maqolada o`zbek adabiyotining durdonlaridan biri hisoblangan G`afur G`ulomning “Shum bola” asari misolida bolalar badiiy&nbsp; adabiyotida&nbsp; obrazlarning&nbsp; milliy ma’naviy&nbsp; ruhiyati va tabiati, milliy tafakkur&nbsp; talqini&nbsp; ifodalangan bo’lib, unda asardagi badiiy obrazlarning&nbsp; xarakter xususiyatlari tahlil qilinadi&nbsp; va&nbsp; milliy&nbsp; ruhiyatni&nbsp; aks ettiruvchi&nbsp; jihatlari haqida so’z yuritiladi.</p> Eshboyev Sharafiddin Alisher o`g`li Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 150 153 ҲАЗМ ТИЗИМИ АЪЗОЛАРИ ФАОЛИЯТИНИНГ НЕЙРОИММУНОЭНДОКРИН БОШҚАРИЛУВИ ҲАҚИДА ДАЛИЛЛАР ВА МУЛОҲАЗАЛАР http://newjournal.org/index.php/01/article/view/11823 <p><strong>Аннота</strong><strong>ц</strong><strong>ия: </strong>Охирги бир неча ўн йилликлар давомида организм фаолиятининг нерв, ҳимоя ва гуморал бошқарилуви ҳақида дунё қарашлар шаклланиб, буни эътироф этувчи илмий изланишлар тобора кўпаймоқда. Ана шундай дунёқарашлар ва тадқиқотлар замирида “нейроиммуноэндокрин тизим” ва “Нейроиммуноэндокринология” фани дунёга келди. Ушбу мақолада овқат ҳазм қилиш аъзолари фаолиятининг нейроиммуноэндокрин бошқарилуви ҳақидаги баъзи далиллар ва мулоҳазалар баён этилган.</p> Бойқўзиев Х.Х. Қурбонова Г.Қ. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-02-28 2024-02-28 40 3 154 159